The course components emphasize middle school and secondary instruction for the changing early and later adolescent. Instruction provides an educational response to the development needs and characteristics of students between the ages of ten and fifteen and fifteen and nineteen. It is designed to address intellectual, physical, emotional, and social needs of these learners. It emphasizes skills and understandings that result in the provision of effective learning environments and teaching methods for these students. Instruction explores teaching methods, learning styles, motivation, planning and presenting techniques, and lesson writing as well as unit development.